Guava belongs to family Myrtaceae. The major components of guava fruits are vitamin ‘C’, carbohydrates and minerals. There are different methods of propagation used in Guava such as inarching, layering, cutting and budding. Layering specially air layering is a popular and commercially used for propagation of guava in India. The investigation on effect of plant growth regulators at different concentrations, minimum days for number of roots, root initiation, rooting media, root length, survival percentage of layers prepared in the months of February-March, July- August and December has been carried out. Regarding the time of layering, June is considered as the best month for air layering when indole-3-butyric acid (IBA) and Naphthalene acetic acid (NAA) are used as a combination. In the case of grafting, this was performed during second fortnight of February with grafts polycapped under open field condition gave highest graft success. In relation to budding, August month budding showed highest per cent of success.
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An experiment was carried out in greenhouse to study the effect of different colour shade nets and different substrates during hardening of Banana (Musa spp.) tissue culture plantlets in different seasons for the proper hardening of banana plantlets. The tissue culture banana plants from the laboratory were planted in primary hardening centre under different shade nets like black, blue green and white with 50% penetration of light. A different combination of substrates such as sawdust 25%, cocopeat 50%, biosamrudhi 25% and sugarcane bagasse. The study was conducted in summer, winter and monsoon seasons. The results showed media combination consisting of cocopeat 50%, biosamrudhi 25% and sawdust 25% with blue shade net having 50% light penetration capacity showed optimum growth parameters such as plant height, plant girth and chlorophyll content. It is concluded from the study that aforesaid combination can be used for optimum growth of banana plants in primary hardening centre.
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Vaccines contain agents which are often made from the microbe or its surface proteins or its toxins, which are eventually derived from the biological source. Before launching a new vaccine in the market, the rigorous regulatory procedure is required to assess the quality, efficacy and safety of the vaccine. U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) Centre for Biologics Evaluation and Research (CBER) is responsible for regulating vaccines in the United States. European Union (EU) follows five steps to regulate vaccine registration and regulation which are, marketing authorization application (MAA), registration, quality assessment, pharmacovigilance, post-license commitments and license renewals. In the case of India, vaccine registrations are regulated by the Drugs and Cosmetics Act, 1940.
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This is a cross-sectional and quantitative study of the sociodemographic and clinical profile of alcoholic patients treated at a mental health service specialising in chemical dependency in a Brazilian city. Aim: To present the sociodemographic and clinical profile of patients with problematic alcohol use who were registered at Centro de Atenço Psicossocial lcool e Drogas (CAPSad) in Porto Velho, Rondônia, Brazil, between 2017 and 2019. The study will take place at the Centro de Atenço Psicossocial, Liquor e Drogas (CAPSad) in Porto Velho from August 2019 to November 2020. Methodology: Data was collected using a script built by the researchers and applied to a random sample of 313 records. Central tendency, standard deviation, percentage analysis, and the chi-square test were all calculated. Male (80.51 percent), 25 to 35 years old (32.59 percent), incomplete elementary education (44.41 percent), single (46.96 percent), with children (64.54 percent), working (47.92 percent), and settled (96.49 percent) in Zone IV of the city were the characteristics detected (39.30 percent ). There were P.001 associations between the presence of mental comorbidities and female gender, P =.049 for the risk of suicide, and P =.03 for risk behaviour. In terms of present treatment, 42.86 percent of evasions happened early, with a P.001 correlation between the lack of therapy establishment and treatment abandonment. Conclusion: It is clear from the patient’s profile in the unit and how it compares to other regions in Brazil, which can aid in the development of local and national plans to improve early detection, expanded treatment, and alcoholic surveillance.
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