Due to the lack of consensus on the relationship between capital structure and profitability around the world, a moderating component must be considered to strengthen the association. As a result, this study uses board independence as a moderator to look at how it affects the relationship between capital structure and profitability in Nigerian listed industrial goods businesses from 2006 to 2018. The study’s population consists of all twenty-one (21) industrial products companies registered on the Nigerian Stock Exchange (NSE) as of December 2018. The sample for the study is made up of ten (10) companies. The study used recorded data from the sampled companies’ annual reports and accounts. The data was first analysed using descriptive statistics to get summary statistics for the variables. Following that, a correlation study was performed utilising the Pearson correlation approach to determine the correlation between the dependent and independent variables, as well as the OLS regression technique. The findings revealed that debt to equity ratio, a capital structure proxy, has a significant positive impact on profitability, whereas board independence has a significant negative impact on the relationship between capital structure and profitability of listed industrial goods companies in Nigeria. Based on these findings, the study recommends that policymakers and management of industrial goods companies determine the optimal capital structure while also adhering to the code of corporate governance to ensure a perfect mix of board independence, as some companies do not adhere to the 50 percent mix of executive and non-executive directors in the governing board.
Please see the link :- https://www.ikprress.org/index.php/JET/article/view/5764
The genus Bambusa (family Poaceae) is the world’s fastest growing grass, adapting to a wide range of environmental conditions. Bamboos are used to make poles, paper, charcoal, and candles, among other things. The majority of bamboo species are edible and have a high nutritional and mineral value. Fresh and dried bamboo shoots, leaves, and other parts are consumed as food. Because of its great nutritional value, edible bamboos are used to make tea, pickles, and a variety of other dishes. To meet the bamboo’s requirements, flowering occurs infrequently and seed viability is limited. Bamboo can be grown in a lab setting. Bamboo is grown in the laboratory using various explants. Traditional techniques of classifying bamboo are ineffective because it is found all over the world and has a wide genetic variation. Around 1200 species of bamboo are native to Asia and the New World, and their genetic diversity may be assessed using various molecular markers. A variety of molecular markers are available to aid in the classification of bamboo and the detection of genetic variability in bamboo. The use of molecular markers in the genetic evaluation of bamboo species is highlighted in this paper.
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To investigate high yield citric acid producers other than citrus fruits, Aspergillus niger was used for submerged citric acid synthesis. For a comparative investigation of higher yielding substrates, rice and potato extracts were used as substrates. The changes in citric acid output were tracked using different amounts of Sucrose, Glucose, and Nitrogen supplementation. The concentration of citric acid generated was determined by titrating citric acid extracted from various mediums. The objective of the comparison study was to determine the ideal requirements for a greater yield of citric acid production. This research could help with large-scale industrial manufacturing of citric acid, which is one of the most widely used organic acids.
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Cotton tolerance to high temperatures is a complicated feature governed by numerous genes that work together to avoid or withstand high temperatures. When exposed to high temperatures, all genotypes may display quantitative and qualitative changes in gene expression. Heat Shock Protein is involved in several stages of plant development, growth, and regulation of multiple pathways in higher plants that are involved in abiotic stress tolerance. In this study, special primers were constructed to isolate and identify certain genes responsible for high temperature tolerance in Gossypium barbadense. Hsp21, Hsp26, Hsp23, and Hsp36 are four heat shock protein (HSP) genes that have been isolated, sequenced, and identified. Database searches revealed that the four segments correspond to four genes with significant similarity in Gossypium sp. and are involved in heat treatment. Sequences in Multiples Alignment and comparison mapping revealed the link between sequences and function, elucidating the mechanism of adaptation that is genotype-dependent. Through genetic manipulation and molecular breeding, it is possible to improve cotton tolerance to high temperatures by understanding the tolerant mechanism and its gene activity.
Please see the link :- https://www.ikprress.org/index.php/PCBMB/article/view/5856