Using gas chromatographymass spectrometry (GCMS) and Fourier transform infrared spectrophotometer (FTIR) techniques, the phytochemical components of Ficus carica (leaves) were investigated. The GCMS results revealed 55 chemical compounds in the leaves. According to the FTIR findings, this plant contains 30 functional classes. Alcohols, phenols, alkanes, alkyl halides, aldehydes, carboxylic acids, aromatics, nitro compounds, and amines were among the most common. It contains phytochemicals that can be used in antiinflammatory, antibacterial, antifungal, anticancer, antioxidant, and other herbal formulations.
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This was the first study of its kind in the Iraqi population, and the findings were compared to those of other countries. From February 28 to April 28, 2019, we gathered data on 190 patients on Iraqi social media. We used a special questionnaire focused on the Iraqi population that asked questions to demonstrate the use of herbal medicine in a sample of Iraqi adult patients suffering from various diseases. This questionnaire included several questions about the patient’s gender, age, occupation, marital status, belief in the healing power of plants, and other topics to gather the data we needed for this study.Some of the data was comparable to that of other nations, although others were strikingly similar. A large percentage of patients in Iraqi society believe in the healing power of herbs and are conscious of their applications. The majority of patients in this study used herbal medicines for health promotion because they believe that herbal medicines make them feel better, even though they aren’t successful in treating the disease; they treated it as though it were a placebo. Herbal use does not necessarily require a prescription or doctor’s recommendation, andsome patients have chosen to use herbs on their own.
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In a line tester making pattern, seven bread wheat genotypes were crossed. During the 2018/2019 growing season, the 12 F1s and their parents were sown in a threereplication randomised complete block pattern at AlRashedia Farm in Ninevah, Iraq. The findings revealed that the traits had a high level of genetic variability. In comparison to the parents, the hybrid (Kirchanff Cam6) produced more grain and had a higher average yield portion. For number of grains per spike,grain yield, and 1,000 kernel weight, the Kukri line and Cham6 tester were a successful combiner. Negative substantial heterosis was observed for the studied traits in (Magenta Adnanea) and (Kirchanff Cham6). There was less genetic variance due to additive genetic variation.Both additive and nonadditive genes were supported by dominance variance for all traits followed by a low value of narrow sense heritability.
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Context and Objectives: A single herbal medicinal plant may have thousands of phytoconstituents or secondary metabolites, which opens up the possibility of new drug production and discovery. Procedure for the experiment: Qualitative methods were used to conduct the preliminary phytochemical screening. Conclusion and Findings: The aim of this analysis is to determine the existence of various phytochemicals, such as alkaloids, flavonoids, tannins, polyphenols, and other compounds, in various extracts of the medicinal plant Chrysopogon zizanioides (L). Roberty is a fictional character. Our findings show that the plant extract contains alkaloids, flavanoids, tannins, and polyphenols, among other phytoconstituents. The researchthe phytochemicals in a Chrysopogon zizanioides (L). In future research, Roberty may play a significant role in the plant’s various activities.
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