The ethnobotanical data on the use of natural medicinal plants in Karakalpakstan is examined in this article. In the area, there are currently 63 families of naturally growing medicinal plants, with 444 species belonging to 240 genera, accounting for 40% of the total flora. Herbs discovered during interviews with physicians in the form of questionnaires on the use of these medicinal plants in folk medicine.
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Leaf-based diseases suggest the quality of yield for several sectors of agriculture. Banana planting, mango growing, and several others are part of these sectors. In order to increase the quality of production, the identification and prevention of these diseases is extremely important. Thus, several image processing methods have been proposed over the years to effectively detect leaf-based diseases. The present work proposes a new architecture based on a deep neural network that, when identifying leaf imaging diseases, takes into account a variety of imaging aspects. By evaluating the structure, colour, form and border details, the proposed architecture improves accuracy. This article also compares the current system with other state-of-the-art systems, and it is noted that the proposed system improves precision, accuracy and recall by preserving a mild algorithmic complexity.
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Ring Spot Virus of papaya, one of the dangerous diseases of this crop, causes 10-100% crop damage in almost all papaya growing countries. This virus is (+) ve sense single stranded RNA virus and currently its types are type-P (PRSV-P) and type-W (PRSV-W). In this review article recent status of this virus regarding its structural complexity, transmission, proper and quick detection in laboratory and eco-friendly management have been accounted. As transgenic approach is not ethically recommended and approved in several ways, other approaches to control this disease are described in this article. It is expected that gathering of this knowledge of Ring Spot virus and its intensity in papaya crop will help for framing a proper model of this disease management.
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Plants are the primary food producers and they comprise the essential wellspring of carbon, nutrients, minerals, protein and unsaturated fats. Plant proteins can help in anticipation of cardiovascular illness, disease, bone misfortune and diabetes. Cereal grains, legumes including oil-seed provide proteins to the entire animal kingdom. Plant enzymes like proteases, amylases, cellulose and lipase are useful in the digestion of raw food. Plants have been used to treat many ailments from time immemorial. Moreover, much work has been done to study the therapeutic effect of secondary metabolites from plants rather than the primary metabolites namely proteins, carbohydrates, enzymes and lipids. This review stresses upon the use of plant proteins and enzymes as a whole for treating diseases/disorders rather than the secondary metabolites.
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